In the last post, we saw how to install, configure and collect performance data from SQL Server 2005/2008/2008 R2, in this post, we will how to import that data using SQL Nexus and get ready to prepare Performance Analysis Reports
SQLNexus is a free tool developed by SQL Server support team and used for importing and analyzing performance data collected using SQL Diag and PSSDiag. Its helps identifying the Bottle necks, blocks, CPU consuming queries, Wait, Locks information, etc…
SQLNexus is freely available for download from http://sqlnexus.codeplex.com/
To run SQLNexus, you need to install the following prerequisites
.Net Framework 3.5
SQL Server 2008 SP1 Report viewer control (http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyID=bb196d5d-76c2-4a0e-9458-267d22b6aac6&DisplayLang=en)
SQL Server 2005 or above – To store imported performance data. You can also use SQL Server Express Edition
ReadTrace (RML Utilities for SQL Server)
After installing all prerequisites, download the SQLNexus from the above site and store it any local folder and then extract the zip file SQLNexus22.214.171.124.zip
Double click or Run “SQLNexus.exe”
On loading of the application, it will prompt you to connect to SQL Server instance on which you want to create the SQLNexus database, specify the Server Name, Authentication information and click “Connect”
Its not recommended to run this on your production server, since it will create lot of performance loads while importing the data and running the reports
If RML Utilities is not installed, you will get the below error message
Without RML Utilities, Trace files (.trc) will not be imported
On successful connection, you will see the above Main Dashboard screen, To start the import process, click on “Import” link left hand bottom side of the screen
Click Folder Browse icon and select the folder on which your Output data from PSS Diag and SQL Diag tool is stored.
Please make sure there is no spaces in the folder names, If you have space in the folder name, you will not be able to import the Trace files
To customize the import options, click on “Options”
Select the required options and if you want to retain the options you selected, click on “Save My Options”, for any reason, if you need to reset all the options you selected to default options, click on “Restore Default Options”
Use “Drop Current DB Before Importing” option to drop and recreate the database every time, this option will be helpful, if you want to load clean set of data every time.
Once finished customizing the options, click on “Import” button to proceed with the import
You will receive the above warning message, if you have selected “Drop Current DB Before Importing” option. click “Yes” to proceed with drop database and import
The above screenshots shows the import process and list of various files imported along with the number of records imported and also shows us whether the file imported successfully or not.
If you notice, the second line, Import for DBCC_MEMORYSTATUS_Startup.out file has failed, this is a known issue, there is no report currently available for DBCC MEMORYSTATUS, due to which this import will fail always, to follow up about this issue, please visit this discussion link CodePlex discussion forums http://sqlnexus.codeplex.com/workitem/11455
Now the import has completed successfully.
Click on File Menu and then click on “Run All Reports” to generate the reports
After the reports are generated, the Report link icons will change as follows
Since we don’t have any data related to SQL Server 2000, it will remain unchanged.
In the next post, we will explore the reports generated by SQLNexus and see various information available through them.
I hope you all find this information useful. Please post your comments !!!
PSSDiag / SQL Diag Manager–How to install, configure and collect performance data from SQL Server 2005/2008/2008 R2 ?–Part 1
PssDiag / SQL Diag Manager is a freely available graphical tool in CodePlex (http://diagmanager.codeplex.com/). It provides easy way to configure what data needs to be collected from SQL Server and Windows Server for troubleshooting SQL Server performance issues.
This tool is used by Microsoft SQL Server support team to collect data to troubleshoot performance issues.
Let us see how to install, configure and collect data
Step 1: Once downloaded the setup from the above specified link, run the Setup.exe and click “Next” on Welcome screen
Step 2: Select your installation folder and then click “Next”
Step 3: Click “Next” to confirm the installation
Step 4: Click “Close” to confirm the installation
Step 5: Once the installation is successfully completed, click on Start Menu and open “PSS Diag” and then click on “PSSDiag Configuration Manager”
Step 6: To configure the PSSDiag, Please specify the following information Machine Name (SQL Server Name), Instance Name (If Default Instance, specify *), Select authentication
By default, SQL Server 2008 is selected, PerfMon counters associated will be selected and for Database Engine, there are 3 trace templates available
Select the Trace template and specify the Maximum size, If you set it to “None”, file size will be unlimited, Please make sure you collect only Trace information for required events, selecting all events will degrade the performance of your SQL Server
Select the custom diagnostics you wish to collect, “SQL Memory Error” and “SQL Blocking” is not selected by default, these 2 are useful Custom Diagnostics to troubleshoot any blocking issues or long running query issues
Even though You see option to Select “SQL Server 7.0” and “SQL Server 2000”, this utility doesn’t support those versions of SQL Server.
Step 7: To configure Analysis service engine collection information, click “Analysis Services” tab, you can customize the PerfMon counters, Trace information and Custom Diagnostics
Step 8: Save the configuration – Once finished configuring, click on “Save” button on top
Specify the path on which you want to save the configuration output file and click “Ok”
Specify whether you are planning to run this on SQL Server 2008 or SQL Server 2008 R2
Once the configuration files are generated and packed as CAB file, the following message will be displayed. Click “Ok” to complete configuration and Exit the tool
Step 9: Run the PSSDiag and Collect the performance data
Open Window Explorer and go to the folder where the PSSD.CAB file is stored and then open it and extract the files. To extract the data, you can use any Zip tool such as 7 Zip or Win Zip or WinRAR
Once extracted, double click on “PSSDiag.cmd” or run it from Command Line
Click “Yes” to proceed with running the utility to start collecting performance data
SQLDiag utility will start with specified configuration and will display series of messages as displayed below
You can let run the tool as long as you want to collect the data. To stop collecting the data and exit the Tool, Press “Ctrl + C”.
The output from SQL Diag will be stored in folder named “Output”, from the folder where you are running the tool, Ex. If you are running the tool from “C:\Workspace\PSSConfig\”, then the output folder will be “C:\Workspace\PSSConfig\output”
The output folder will contain lot of different files containing the information collected.
In the next post, we will see how to import this collected information, run reports and find out how to identify the performance issues.
Hannssens’ SQL Azure Manager is a lightweight tool for managing SQL Azure databases.
Its still in Alpha release since 25-Aug-2009 and built on .Net Framework 3.5 and available as ClickOnce installer from the below link
Step 1: Click “Run” to install the application and Run
Step 2: To login to SQL Azure server, specify the Server Name, Username and password and click on “Connect”
Step 3: In Main screen toolbar, you have the option to switch between databases, you can pick the database which you want to work
Based on the database you selected, the Object Explorer will be refreshed and display the Tables and Views, you can also use “Refresh” option in toolbar to manually refresh as well.
For Tables and View, you have the following 3 options available under Context menu
1. Select Top 100 Records
2. Select All Records
3. Delete the table
Step 4: You can write and run your queries on the Right Side Query pane, the results will be displayed in Grid format, There is no Text format support or messages pane, Error messages will be displayed as Message Popup
Step 5: To Create a new database, click “New Database” option in Toolbar and then specify the Database name and click “Ok”
Step 6: To delete a database, click “Delete Database” in toolbar and then click “Yes” to confirm
1. No Message Pane
2. No option to view / Modify or Create Stored Procedures / Functions / Triggers using User Interface
There are no new releases in last 2 years and the code was not released to Code Plex or Source Forge, so I am not sure about the future releases of this product.
Its also unstable and crashes.
User Interface is lightweight and nice and fast. It would be good, if they continue the development or release the code under CodePlex or other Open Source community
In the Episode 3 of SQL Azure Query Tool, we will see how to use SQL Azure Database Manager 10.0 (Project Houston), which is part of Windows Azure Management Portal now
Step 1: Login to Windows Azure Portal (https://windows.azure.com/default.aspx ), select the SQL Azure Server and Database and click on “Manage”
Step 2: Accept the Terms and Conditions and data collection agreement and click “Ok” to connect
Step 3: Server name, database name and user name will be pre-populated, Please enter password and click “Connect” to login
Step 4: Start Page will display the database properties (Default Collation, Compatibility Level, Date Created and Read Only) and Server Edition and Version
Click on Left or Right Arrow near to Database Properties to Spin up to Resources view
Step 5: To Query data click on “New Query” in tool bar
Type the SQL query and click on “Execute” to run the query, you can Save the query as .SQL file for future use as well. Results of the query will be displayed in Bottom pane as Grid
Output Messages can be displayed in the “Message” tab
Step 6: To Create New Table – Click on “New Table” icon in toolbar
Enter the column name, select the data type, size, default value, Specify whether Identity, Required or Primary Key. Click on “+ Column” to add more columns. Once completed the design, click on “Save” to save the table.
Step 7: To add data click on Data View in toolbar
Click on “+ Row” to add rows and enters data. Click Save to store the data.
Step 8: Create New View: To create a new view, click on “New View” button in toolbar
Select Schema, Specify View Name and then type the SQL Query and click “Save”, After saving the query, you can click on “Data” to view the output from View
Step 9: Create New Stored Procedure: To create new Stored Procedure, click on “New Stored Procedure” button in toolbar
Select Schema, specify name of Stored Procedure and then click “New Paramter” or “+ Parameter” to add parameter
Specify the name of the parameter, select data type, specify size (if required), default value, whether output parameter or not
Then define the stored procedure body and click “Save”
Step 10: Execute Stored Procedure: Once saved, you can click “Run” and then specify parameter values and click “Execute”
Conclusion: SQL Azure Database Manager (Project Houston) is a light-weight Management Studio Express with limited functionality to create Table, Views and Stored Procedures and manage Data
1. No option to define Synonyms
2. No option to define Functions / View functions
3. No option to create Logins
4. No option to create Users or Manage Permissions
5. No option to Import / Export data
I hope in the future versions, these missing features will be added to make it a full fledge and fully functional Database Manager.
I hope you all find this information useful.
myLittleAdmin for SQL Azure is web-based interface to manage SQL Azure server and databases
myLittleAdmin is available for free under Public Beta, but it will be charged once it goes live. Pricing information is not disclosed yet.
You can Install myLittleAdmin for SQL Azure in your own IIS server or you can access it directly from http://mylittleadmin4sqlazure.cloudapp.net/
For list of features and support information, please visit http://azure.mylittleadmin.com/azure/en/default.aspx
Login – To connect to SQL Azure server, provide Servername, Database, Login and Password to login to your server
You can also connect without specifying the database name
To Encrypt the connection or change the Connection Time out click on “Options” and select the required option
Click “Connect” to connect to your SQL Azure server
Dashboard – Databases Tab (Default) displays the available System and User databases
Dashboard – Connection Tab displays the License and Connection information
Server Info displays the detailed information about the connected SQL Azure server
To disconnect from the server, use the “Disconnect” option in “Connection” tab.
Database Tab To Manage Database Object
Click on User Databases and select your database to view Tables, Views, Synonyms, Stored Procedures, Functions, Users, Roles and Schema
By selecting a Table, you can access the following functions in the Right side pane
You have option to Export to CSV, XML and Excel 2003 format. You can also filter data, modify or insert or delete records
Similarly you can create or modify or drop Stored Procedures, Functions, Database Triggers and View Assemblies and Types available
Manage Database Users, Roles and Schemas
Security Tab: Manage Logins, View Server Roles
To create new login, click on New Icon in Right side pane after selecting Logins node
You can use “New Query” tool to run adhoc queries, Type your query and click on “Submit”
Query options available
You can view the results of Query in Results tab
You can view Informational and Error messages in Messages tab
Generate Insert script for Tables
Select database, and table and specify the columns and then click on “Generate” to create insert SQL script
Generated Insert Script
To save the script, click on “Save As” and proceed
Import CSV Files
Options for import
I tried couple of different format and options, even after Import option is not working even after directly trying to import files exported from Data View itself
Always getting the following error
I wasn’t sure why its not able to see the table from Import option even for an administrator account
Under Preferences, you can select you preferred Language, available languages are English, French, Deutsch and Japanese.
Currently there is only one Skin and Export option available.
You can access the myLittleAdmin forums from Help tab.
Conclusion: myLittleAdmin for SQL Azure is a full fledge light weight Management Studio, which supports all database objects, comes with useful handy tools and also available in 4 different languages.
When compared to Project Houston and Red Gate Query Anywhere, myLittleAdmin supports more features and also fast performing.
For detailed comparison of features across Project Houston, Red Gate Anywhere and myLittleAdmin for SQL Azure, please read this document
I hope you all find this information useful !!!
Red Gate Query Anywhere is a web based tool to Query a SQL Azure database from anywhere. Its available for free in
Step 1: Please provide your Server name, Database, Username and Password and click Connect
Step 2: Once connected, you will be able to the Objects available in your database
Step 3: To Query the tables or view, you can directly start writing queries in Query pane and click “Execute”
Step 4: You can also create Stored Procedures
Step 5: To view the definition of Existing Stored Procedure or any other object, click on the Object name and expand and then click “ScriptAsCreate”
Conclusion: Red Gate Query Anywhere is nice and lightweight tool to query SQL Azure database, but still needs lot of improvement, such as
1. Showing the progress of executing queries
2. Object Name are displayed as Blank some times, which is eventually fixed after refreshing the UI
3. Option to login without providing database name and then pick a database and query
Friends, Play with this nice tool and post your feedback and comments !!!
In the next post we will review the other similar tools available
Project Houston – Microsoft SQL Azure Database Manager – http://windows.azure.com
myLittleAdmin for SQL Azure (Currently in Beta, Pricing not announced) – http://mylittleadmin4sqlazure.cloudapp.net/
Hannsens SQL Azure Manager (Free) – http://hanssens.org/tools/sqlazuremanager/
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If you are planning to download multiple videos, the following Silverlight tool will be helpful
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